Berkunjung ke Istana Beauty & the Beast, Château de Chambord di Perancis

Liburan akhir tahun lalu, akhirnya kami memutuskan untuk ke salah satu istana yang letaknya tidak jauh dari kota Orléans, dimana mertua saya tinggal, yaitu Istana Chambord atau Château de Chambord. Paling suka kalau jalan-jalan di Eropa itu, mampir ke istana-istana, biar serasa kayak ada di film-film Disney Princess gitu.

Bagi yang belum tau, sebenarnya banyak istana di Perancis yang beberapa diantaranya dijadikan latar belakang untuk film-film kerajaan, bahkan hingga film animasi. Mungkin salah satunya yang tidak cukup banyak diketahui orang-orang adalah Istana Chambord ini. Awalnya, saya juga gak tau kalau istana ini dijadikan latar belakang film Beauty and the Beast, tapi memang saat berada disana, feel-nya beda banget, serasa balik ke masa itu.

Foto istana diambil dari pintu masuk

Istana ini merupakan istana terbesar yang terletak di lembah Loire, Perancis, dan sangat terkenal di seluruh dunia akan keindahan dan kemegahan arsitektur bergaya Renaissance Perancis yang sangat khas. Arsitektur istana ini memadukan bentuk abad pertengahan tradisional Perancis dengan struktur Renaissance klasik. Awalnya, istana ini dibangun hanya sebagai pondok atau destinasi liburan bagi Raja Francis I dan ketika ia ingin menyalurkan hobi berburunya.

Salah satu desain arsitekturnya yang paling terkenal di istana ini adalah dengan adanya tangga spiral terbuka ganda yang tricky banget dan menjadi pusat dari istana ini.

Lorong bawah dari tangga spiral yang khas di istana Chambord

Kalau ada yang inget di film Beauty and the Beast, ada bagian yang Belle lari-lari di lorong tangga yang melingkar? Nah, bagian itu terinspirasi dari tangga spiral karya Leonardo Da Vinci ini.

Ini juga tangga helix yang berada di bagian luar istana
My happy face in Chambord
Look at this beautiful roof

Jadi, ternyata memang desainer film tersebut niat banget mengunjungi istana Chambord ini untuk melakukan riset dan mencari inspirasi dalam merancang desain istana yang dimasukan ke dalam latar belakang di film tersebut.

Istana ini juga memiliki taman yang cukup luas dan dikelilingi oleh taman berhutan sekitar 52,5 kilometer persegi (13.000 hektar). Sayangnya, karena waktu itu kita datangnya sudah agak sore, sekitar jam 3 dan juga saat itu musim dingin, jadi kita hanya memiliki waktu sedikit untuk jalan mengelilingi seluruh taman di istana ini. Soalnya, jam 5 sore sudah mulai gelap dan semakin dingin. Sekarang agak nyesel gak sempat mengelilingi taman tersebut.

Terdapat beberapa raja yang sempat menempati maupun singgah di istana ini. Walaupun Raja Francis I yang pertama kali membangun istana ini pada tahun 1519, ia tidak sempat merasakan tinggal lama di istana tersebut, bahkan ia hanya sempat melihat beberapa bagian dari istana tersebut sampai akhirnya ia meninggal dunia pada tahun 1547. Lalu, Gaston d’ Orléans singgah di istana ini bahkan menjadi orang pertama yang melakukan renovasi dan pemulihan di istana tersebut. Louis XIV kemudian memberikan sentuhan konstruksi terakhir di istana, juga melakukan kanalisasi sungai tersebut sekitar tahun 1660 dan pada tahun-tahun berikutnya ia menikmati berburu di Chambord.

Ayah mertua Raja Louis XV, raja Polandia, Stanislaw Leszczynski, saat diasingkan juga tinggal di istana Chambord. Saat musim panas tiba, wabah malaria memaksanya meninggalkan istana dan mencari perlindungan sementara di rumah-rumah terdekat (Blois, Saint-Dyé, château Saumery, château Ménars). Ingin membersihkan udara di Chambord, ia melanjutkan proyek kerja yang dilakukan oleh Louis XIV di sekitar istana. Kemudian pada tahun 1745, Maurice de Saxe, marshal dari Prancis, menerima istana Chambord dari tangan Louis XV sebagai hadiah untuk eksploitasi militernya.

Pada tahun 1821, setelah kampanye penggalangan dana nasional Henri, cucu Raja Charles X, menerima istana Chambord sebagai hadiah kelahirannya. Saat itu juga, untuk pertama kalinya istana ini dibuka untuk umum untuk memamerkan beberapa koleksi karya seni yang dipamerkan di istana tersebut. Namun, pada tahun 1883, Henri Duc de Bordeaux pun wafat, lalu memberikan istana kepada pewaris langsung, yaitu Raja Louis XIV.

Walaupun sudah didirikan sejak tahun 1519, istana ini baru selesai pembangunannya di bawah pemerintahan Louis XIV. Dan tahun 1930, istana dan tamannya telah menjadi milik negara. Lalu, sepuluh tahun setelah itu, tahun 1940, istana Chambord mulai terdaftar di Warisan Dunia UNESCO.

Kini di setiap ruangan yang ada di istana Chambord berisikan beberapa barang-barang pribadi milik raja-raja tersebut, lukisan istana Chambord di masa itu, juga beberapa koleksi seni lainnya.

Jika dibandingkan dengan Versailles, menurut saya, harga tiket masuk istana Chambord lebih murah. Waktu itu bulan Desember 2018, saya kesana bayar sekitar 13 EUR. Khusus untuk EU residents berusia di bawah 25 tahun, GRATIS! Untung dibayarin mertua, jadi gak syok-syok banget deh harus bayar segitu, karena kalau di rupiah-in harganya sekitar Rp 200.000.

Jadi, kalau teman-teman Her Love’s punya waktu lebih saat jalan-jalan di Perancis, saya sangat merekomendasikan untuk berkunjung ke istana ini. Namun, untuk transportasi, alangkah baiknya untuk menggunakan mobil sendiri atau mobil sewaan, karena letaknya yang terpencil dan jauh dari akses transportasi publik.

Alamat: Château, 41250 Chambord

Book Review # 3 – Just call me Kartini

Book Title: Panggil Aku Kartini

Writer: Pramoedya Ananta Toer

Genre: Biography and History

Year: 1962 (12th Printed in January 2018)

Published by: Lentera Dipantara

Pages: 291 pages

 

Panggil Aku Kartini Saja (Just Call Me Kartini) is one of a masterpiece which wrote by Pramoedya Ananta Toer. Who does not know him? An Indonesian author of novels, essays, stories which was not only talking about the struggle of Indonesia until the independence, the Dutch and Japan colonialism but his writings talked everything about his life, his experiences in the prison and how bad our former Indonesian Government treated him back then.

He got imprisoned several times, he was caught up, he got censored, he got branded as a communist just because of his political criticisms on his writings, although he was very vocal as well against the colonialism, racism and corruption of the Government. But he never stops to write, he never stops to criticize what was wrong with the Government. The man was born on February 6, 1925, in Blora, Java was the toughest and the most intelligent human I ever knew.

Indonesia should be very proud to have him as a great writer as well as one of the witnesses in Indonesia’s history.

Among of his works, that I would like to explore more on this 3rd book review on my blog is a book which revealed who is Kartini and how she could live and ‘survived’ during the Dutch colonialism era.

We definitely saw movies and read all the books and biographies that talked about Kartini, the Indonesian national hero as well as a feminist woman who was fighting for gender equality and women’s rights in Indonesia. As one of a daughter of the Regent of Jepara, made her have had a chance to go to the school, unlike any other Indonesian women.

Kartini - Heroine Pramoedya Ananta Toer- traitor
Source: Pinterest

In this book, Pram, which often called by this nickname, tried to describe the history of Kartini, her family roots, the situation of the Dutch colonialism and the Javanese culture itself. Born as a half-native and half-aristocratic Javanese family with a strong intellectual tradition made her allowed by her family to attend school until she was 12 years old.

Her name was allegedly given by her biological mother, Ngasirah. According to the wayang (Indonesian puppet) tradition, a father only gave names to his sons and there is no name left for girls at that time. And this wayang stories could not be separated from the way of Javanese living and even often became a framework of thinking, moral and psychological patterns.

Furthermore, this book also explained how the Javanese traditional culture was shaped Kartini during her childhood, whereas she had through all customary ceremonies. And for Javanese people at that time, there were very important steps of life that cannot be allowed to pass without an official ceremony, such as; birth, maturity, marriage and death (pg. 53).

As she turned 6 years old, her father gave her privileges as embroidery lessons and occasional appearances in public for special events, she even went to Dutch School. The school such an eye opener for her about the Western culture which far different from hers.

“The girl who entered the school was the biggest betrayal of the Javanese customs and culture at that time.”

In particular, feudal girls and middle-class girls found It most difficult to leave their homes, where ordinary girls had to leave their homes to help their parents to work in a market and rice fields. But she always reminds all Indonesian girls that “We (as girls) have a right not to be stupid!” this quotes who always inspire Indonesian girls and women to prioritize their education above anything else.

Raden Ajeng Kartini, the pioneer for women's rights
Source: Pinterest

Kartini was always very excited to go to school and outside the house, but the discrimination against women did not stop there, Kartini was also received discriminatory treatment in her school which she received even from her teachers, such as the differentiation of her skin colour in her class. But at the age of 12 years, Kartini must enter pingitan (a period of seclusion), this pingitan started when a noblewoman started their menstruation and continued until a nobleman asked to marry her. She felt very down and sad as she cannot continue her school both in Batavia or even in the Netherlands. But she kept and continued to learn by herself. Her father was the only one that she can relay on almost about everything, she always respected him and her ancestors. Her father, Raden Mas (male nobility) Adipati Ario Sosroningrat was one of the 4 Regent in all of Java at that time who were educated in Europe.

The one and only thing she can do to keep herself productive was only by writing letters to her friend, Stella. She shared almost everything that she felt, more about her daily life. She also wrote a letter to Marie Ovink-Soer during her struggle to accept her seclusion, she was protesting the gender inequality in Javanese traditions such as women being forced to marry at a young age and denied from freedom to pursue an education. Hence, she got acquainted with Estell (Stella) Helena Zeehandelaar who eventually became her regular penpal.

She shared an overview to Stella how manners and politeness work in her family. For example, Kartini’s younger siblings cannot walk or run in front of her, except moving by using their knees position. If Kartini passed by her younger brothers and sisters were sitting in chairs, they have to come off the chair, sitting on the floor until their older sister walked away.

Kartini was always very close and had some Dutch friends ever since she was a kid. She was always eager and encourage herself to learn more about the European literature, especially to advance herself to understand more about the Western culture. Not merely because she wanted to be one of them, but she believed to be strong like a Westerner, she must hold what the European also controlled which among of them were science and knowledge. The Dutch language she learned, she used it as a tool to reach the European civilization. Kartini thought that Europe at that time was a reality, a strength, and a big potential that determines the history of mankind itself.

Besides learned the Dutch language, she and her two younger siblings, Kardinah and Rukmini, also learned French and Germany languages through several book writers, such as; Servas de Buijn, Moderne Maagden atau Perawan-perawan Modern wrote by Marcel Provost, a famous French romance author and drama about love and marital conflicts among the French bourgeoisie. Besides, a book about the women’s emancipation from Prevost’s book, Kartini also learned books that had never been abandoned in discussing the history of women’s emancipation, namely De Wapens Neergelegd (Die Wapen Nieder) or Sarungkan Senjata by Bertha von Suttner, a book about the struggle to win social peace in particular and a world peace in general.

Kartini was not only concern in the area of the gender equality for women but also problems of her society. Kartini felt and saw that the struggle for Indonesian women to obtain their freedom was very real.

Unfortunately, she had to cancel her scholarship to continue to study in the Netherlands, because her parents arranged her marriage to Joyodiningrat, the Regent of Rembang who already had three wives and 12 kids. She did that just because she was very respected with her father and also her husband fulfilled her promises to supported her desire to develop the woodcarving industry in Jepara and the school for native women in Rembang.

But all of her dreams came to an end, just because of her death due to complication after giving a birth to her only children, Raden Mas Soesalit. She died at a very young age of 25 years. Since then, all of her struggles to defend and promote a better education for all girls and women in Indonesia has started and she is well-known as a pioneer of women’s emancipation in Indonesia.

Another culture (which involve the customs, traditions and religion) that became the most basic and main problem of Indonesian women nowadays is where the oppression against the Indonesia women. For example, the matter of ‘forced marriage’ and the issue of polygamy which Kartini must undergo, which also comes from the Javanese traditional culture that had existed a long time before the Islam came in Indonesia. Polygamy is one of the links of women’s suffering, since long time ago until today. Kartini was one of the witnesses which the mixed practices have been carried out by her father and her own husband.

After her death, now every 21st of April, we all celebrate Kartini’s Day to commemorate her struggle to defend all Indonesian women who are still struggling to get a better education, to be more equal in front of the men.

In this book, Pramoedya has successfully brought us to Kartini’s world and felt her strong energy and strength which he brings to their loyal readers. He even very well explained all the historical background even before Kartini was born, feudalism experienced by Indonesian people, Kartini’s anxieties, Kartini’s letters and literary works which have completed with Kartini’s paintings, to Kartini’s mental condition and her love.

Must Visit in Stockholm: An Instagrammable Spot in Stortorget

Thank you, thank you, thank you for your great responses on my blog post about “Must Visit in Stockholm: the Most Artistic Subway in the World” both on my blog and my Instagram. I received very good feedback and I am glad to share my travel experiences with my blog readers, as well as my Instagram followers. I will try my best to share all of my travel experiences to you more frequently, so always stay tuned on my blog and my Instagram account.

And now I would like to share about one of a small and famous square which located in Central of Stockholm, in the old city area and in the plateau of Stadsholmen. It is the oldest square in Stockholm and very well-known with their historical centre as it still in the same location with the Royal Palace, the Cathedrals and the Nobel Museum, namely Stortorget.

Stortorget, Stockholm

That was second time during my visit to Stockholm, Sweden. And the two famous landmarks which I took above is good cafe or restaurant. This is a square that usually people or foreign tourists will spend an hour or more to hang out and enjoy the time with their family, friends or beloved ones.

The two famous landmark buildings in Stockholm, Sweden

Nobel Museum or Nobelmuseet

The Nobel Museum above located just in front of the two famous building on my first picture. It is the place where is a museum devoted to circulate information on the Nobel Prize, Nobel laureates from 1901 to present, and the life of the founder of the prize, Alfred Nobel (1833-1896), together with the Swedish Academy and the Nobel Library.

Besides that, there is also many cafes, restaurants, tabac stores, fashion stores, and souvenir shops just around the Stortorget square.

Narrow street @ Stortorget

For me, this is one of a good spot for you who love photography or just want to take some pictures for your travel documentary, or even just to capture your best moment and upload it to your Instagram account!

Just like what I usually do.

And don’t forget to like my blog post and leave your comment down below if you have any questions! 🙂

Picture was taken by: Astrid Maharani

Maimoon Palace, Medan – Indonesia

img_20170121_115505

Maimoon Palace or Istana Maimun is an istana (royal palace) of the Sultanate of Deli and a well-known landmark in Medan, the capital city of North Sumatra, Indonesia. Today, it serves as a museum. Built by Sultan Ma’mun Al Rashid Perkasa Alamyah in years 1887–1891, the palace was designed by the Dutch architect Theodoor van Erp and covers 2,772 m² with a total of 30 rooms. The Palace has become a popular tourist destination in the city, not solely because of its historical heritage status, but also because of its unique interior design of the palace, combining elements of Malay cultural heritage, Islamic and Indian architecture, with Spanish and Italian furniture and fittings. And I really love their mosaic style in their interior of the palace ❤

📷 Astrid Maharani
📍 Istana Maimun, Medan – Indonesia

When in Roman Forum, Rome – Italy

This temple replaced the god’s original shrine, the Ara Saturni, visible under a roof opposite the steps. The remains of the temple date from the late third century AD, except for the plinth and the avant-corps, which are from late republican times. The avant-corps of the temple was hollow because it housed the aerarium, the treasure of the state. The base of column opposite is all that remains of the Miliarium Aureum, a column erected by Augustus to mark the point where all the roads of empire converged. Source: Roman Forum Guide Book.

📷 Astrid Maharani
📍 Temple of Saturn and the Capitoline Hill, Roman Forum, Rome – Italy